Ukrainian nature and climate

Almost the entire country is a vast plain with some hills, whose height is typically less than 300 m above sea level (Donetsk ridge and Azov, Volhynia, Podolia and the Dnieper Upland). In western Ukraine are Carpathian Mountains with the high top of Ukraine - Mount Goverla (2061 m). On the southern coast of Crimea are the Crimean Mountains.

The country is rich in minerals and manganese ore, many non-ferrous and rare metals and Kiev escorts. Climate in Ukraine is temperate continental. The climate in Ukraine greatly influenced air masses from the North Atlantic Ocean, to a lesser extent - from the Arctic Ocean. On the territory of the climate is influenced by river system, buildings, etc. Formed the climate in Ukraine is a result of contact between the three climatic factors. It is characterized by seasonal differences, moderately cold winters, long summers, warm or hot, the average July temperature of 18-24 C, in January - from 8 C to 2-4 ° C; total annual rainfall for the greater part of Ukraine is 600 mm, in the Carpathian Mountains - up to 1600 mm in the south and south-east of 400-300 mm.

Forest-steppe zone consists mostly of oak, often surrounded by islands of forest pastures. In Ukraine is a well-expressed soil-plant zoning. The formation of soil is a very lengthy process. Soils are different not only in structure but also in texture - the ratio of different mineral particles (sand and clay).

The surface of the partition, the steepness of the slopes complicate the economic use of the territory, paving roads, planning and building of settlements, the processing of land and growing crops, orchards and vineyards, accommodation, belts, etc.

The main rivers of Ukraine are the Dnieper, Southern Bug, and Danube, which flow into the Black Sea. There are over 7,000 lakes (in floodplains, as well as in the north-west, Polesie - the swampiest area). The largest reservoirs are Kremenchug, Kakhovske, Dneprodzerzhinsk, Kiev and Kanevskoe.